Political system Political System
The Vatican State is ruled
as an absolute monarchy, where the pope is head of
state. The Pope is at the same time Bishop of Rome and
the head of the Catholic Church's international center,
the Holy See (La Santa Sede), which has its seat in the
The Vatican is a designation for both the Vatican
State and the Holy See. It is not the Vatican but the
Holy See that have diplomatic representatives (nuns and
pronouns) in the outside world, and it is the Holy See
that other countries have envoys.
Total population and chart of Vatican for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024. Also covers population density, birth rate, death rate and population growth rates.
The Pope is elected for life by the Cardinal College,
where the Cardinals who are under 80 years old
participate. The Cardinals are in turn appointed by the
Pope among the bishops of the Church. In 2016, there
were 215 Cardinals.
The Pope has both legislative, executive and judicial
powers. To his assistance, he has the Papal Commission
for the Vatican City, which can also enact laws and
manage the administration of the state. The commission
consists of seven members whom the pope appoints for
five years at a time. The President of the Commission
acts as a Head of Government and is responsible for the
State Secretariat, which forms the core of the Curia,
the central administration of the Holy See.
The courier includes nine congregations (a kind of
ministry) with different business areas. The most
important area is the Congregation of Faith, which is
responsible for the Catholic Church's teachings on
matters of faith and morals. The Saints Congregation
monitors bliss and saints declarations. In addition to
the congregations, there are twelve papal councils for a
variety of contemporary issues, such as the Council of
The Vatican has its own judicial system. In the first
place, laws are instituted by the Pope, in the second
place Italian law prevails. The courier includes three
courts, including the Apostolic Confessional Court,
which allows priests to forgive some serious sins. The
judges are appointed by the Pope.